On r-Dynamic Coloring for Graph Operation of Cycle, Star, Complete, and Path

Desy Tri Puspasari, D Dafik, S Slamin

Abstract

For integer k, r > 0, (k, r) -coloring of graph G is a proper coloring on the vertices of G by k-colors such that every vertex v of degree d(v) is adjacent to vertices with at least min{d(v), r} different color. By a proper k -coloring of graph G, we mean a map c : V (G) → S, where |S| = k, such that any two adjacent vertices are different color. An r -dynamic k -coloring is a proper k -coloring c of G such that |c(N (v))| ≥ min{r, d(v)} for each vertex v in V (G), where N (v) is the neighborhood of v and c(S) = {c(v) : v ∈ S} for a vertex subset S . The r-dynamic chromatic number, written as χr (G), is the minimum k such that G has an r-dynamic k-coloring. Note the 1-dynamic chromatic number of graph is equal to its chromatic number, denoted by χ(G), and the 2-dynamic chromatic number of graph denoted by χd (G). By simple observation with a greedy color-

 

ing algorithm, it is easy to see that χr (G) ≤ χr+1(G), however χr+1(G) − χr (G) does not always have the same difference. Thus finding an exact values of χr (G)

 

is significantly useful. In this paper, we investigate the some exact value of χr (G) when G is for an operation product of cycle, star, complete, and path graphs.

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